array2json() - Convert PHP arrays to JSON

array2json() Logo

array2json is a PHP function that will convert the array given as its argument into a JSON string. The created JSON string will be returned. This is very useful in Ajax apps using JSON over XML. If you are using XML, you better off using my xml2array() JavaScript function.

Note: This is an old function - if you use a new version of PHP(5.2 or newer) you will get the json_encode() function. That can be used to convert arrays to a JSON string.

Usage

First you need a PHP array. For example...

$data = array(
    'success'    =>    "Sweet",
    'failure'    =>    false,
    'array'      =>    array(),
    'numbers'    =>    array(1,2,3),
    'info'       =>    array(
                        'name'    =>    'Binny',
                        'site'    =>    'http://www.openjs.com/'
                 )
);

Provide this array as the argument of the array2json() function...

$json = array2json($data);

The resulting string will be(actual output - the source says print array2json($data);)...


{"success":"Sweet","failure":false,"empty_array":[],"numbers":[1,2,3],"info":{"name":"Binny","site":"http:\/\/www.openjs.com\/"}}

I am formatting the output for better readability...

{
	"success":"Sweet",
	"failure":false,
	"empty_array":{},
	"numbers":[1,2,3],
	"info":{
		"name":"Binny",
		"site":"http://www.openjs.com/"
	}
}

Handled Data types

All the basic data types are handled...

Objects are not handled for obvious reasons.

Code

<?php
function array2json($arr) {
    if(
function_exists('json_encode')) return json_encode($arr); //Lastest versions of PHP already has this functionality.
    
$parts = array();
    
$is_list false;

    
//Find out if the given array is a numerical array
    
$keys array_keys($arr);
    
$max_length count($arr)-1;
    if((
$keys[0] == 0) and ($keys[$max_length] == $max_length)) {//See if the first key is 0 and last key is length - 1
        
$is_list true;
        for(
$i=0$i<count($keys); $i++) { //See if each key correspondes to its position
            
if($i != $keys[$i]) { //A key fails at position check.
                
$is_list false//It is an associative array.
                
break;
            }
        }
    }

    foreach(
$arr as $key=>$value) {
        if(
is_array($value)) { //Custom handling for arrays
            
if($is_list$parts[] = array2json($value); /* :RECURSION: */
            
else $parts[] = '"' $key '":' array2json($value); /* :RECURSION: */
        
} else {
            
$str '';
            if(!
$is_list$str '"' $key '":';

            
//Custom handling for multiple data types
            
if(is_numeric($value)) $str .= $value//Numbers
            
elseif($value === false$str .= 'false'//The booleans
            
elseif($value === true$str .= 'true';
            else 
$str .= '"' addslashes($value) . '"'//All other things
            // :TODO: Is there any more datatype we should be in the lookout for? (Object?)

            
$parts[] = $str;
        }
    }
    
$json implode(',',$parts);
    
    if(
$is_list) return '[' $json ']';//Return numerical JSON
    
return '{' $json '}';//Return associative JSON
}
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